BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus – Best Nursing Books, PDF and Subjects

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus: We know that nursing plays a significant role in the medical industry, and is one of the most reputed career fields in India. You can pursue a diploma or a degree course simultaneously.

One such popular degree course is B.Sc Nursing, which is a four-year degree course that can be done after 12th science. The BSc Nursing syllabus includes theoretical concepts as well as practical subjects like Physiology, Anatomy, Nutrition and Dietetics, Community Health,  etc. The curriculum also includes additional subjects such as English and Ethics which help develop understanding and communication skills

What is BSc Nursing?

Nursing is a profession in the healthcare sector that involves caring for patients to prevent illness, and promote general health. BSc Nursing is a 4-year degree program in the healthcare sector. In this course, students will read about different topics and learn about different nursing specialties, including clinical training in hospitals and nursing homes.

Basic of 1st Year Nursing

The BSc Nursing 01st year syllabus aims to prepare nurses to understand nursing skills and procedures. They should be able to apply them in practical conditions. Nursing is one of the best professions that helps people to live healthy and long lives. The first year of the nursing course curriculum includes theoretical and practical training in hospitals.

BSc Nursing Subjects 1st Year

BSc Nursing 1st year includes subjects like Physiology, Anatomy, Nutrition and Dietetics, and Biochemistry. Also, the course curriculum consists of practical subjects such as Nursing Foundation, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Midwifery and Obstetric Nursing, Mental Health Nursing, etc.

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus

The first-year syllabus of BSc Nursing is divided into 2-semesters. The first-year nursing syllabus contains various topics like physiology, anatomy, nutrition dietetics, etc that you need to know. Here is the table below where we have mentioned BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus.

Subjects  BSc Nursing Syllabus (1st Year)
  • Composition and Function of Blood
  • Cardio Vascular System
  • Excretory System
  • Endocrine and Metabolism
  • Skeletal and Joint System
  • Respiratory System
  • Muscular System
  • Digestive System
Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Different methods of cooking and their effect on the body
  • Meaning of Food, Nutrition, and Dietetics
  • Methods of Calculating Calories
  • Therapeutic adaptions of a normal diet
  • Amino Acids
  • Introduction and Classification of Carbohydrates
  • Catabolism of Nucleic Acid
  • Enzymes, Nature, and Functions

BSc Nursing Practical Subjects

The course curriculum consists of theoretical subjects as well as practical subjects. Here is the table below which shows the main practical subjects in most of the BSc nursing colleges in India.

Nursing Foundation Medical-Surgical Nursing
Community Health Nursing Research Project on Nursing
Mental Health Nursing Midwifery and Obstetric Nursing

BSc Nursing 1st Year Total Marks

The total marks of BSc Nursing 1st year is 800, including theoretical and practical. Below is the topic breakdown in a table format.

Subjects Internal +External Total Marks
Anatomy & Physiology
Section A- Anatomy
Section B- Physiology
Nutrition & Biochemistry
Section A- Nutrition
Section B- Biochemistry
Nursing Foundation 25+75 100
Psychology 25+75 100
English 25+75 100
Computer & Nursing Informatics 50 50
Language 50 50
Nursing Foundation (Practical) 100 200
Total 800

BSc Nursing 1st Year Anatomy Syllabus PDF

In the first year of BSc Nursing, Anatomy is one of the most important chapters. This course is designed to enable students to acquire knowledge of the structure of the human body. We have included the PDF of the Anatomy chapter below in the BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus.

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus: Anatomy

In BSc nursing, Anatomy is one of the most important chapters that helps students to learn about the structure of the human body. It is the study of the inner and outer parts of the human body and animals. In addition, they will learn about the position and structure of the organs in the human body. Here is the BSc nursing 1st year anatomy syllabus pdf in a table.

Unit Name Topics
Unit: 1  Introduction to Anatomical Terms of the Human Body Human Cell Structure, Tissues (Definition, Types, classification, characteristics, location, functions, and formation), Membranes, and glands (classification and structure)
Unit: 2 The Skeletal System Bones –Structure and types, Axial & Appendicular Skeleton, Bone formation and growth, Description of bones, Joints – Classification and structure
Unit: 3 The Muscular System Types and structure of muscles, Muscle group alterations in disease applications in nursing.
Unit: 4 The Nervous System Structure of Neurologic & Neurons, Somatic Nervous system (Structure of brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves,  peripheral nerves & cranial nerves), Autonomic nervous system – sympathetic, parasympathetic (Structure & location)
Unit: 5 The Sensory System Structure of skin, nose, eye, tongue, and ear, (Auditory and olfactory apparatus), Alterations in disease, Applications and Implications in Nursing
Unit: 6 Circulatory and Lymphatic System The Circulatory System (Blood – Microscopic structure, Structure of Heart, Structure of blood vessels- Venous & Arterial System, Circulation: systemic, coronary & the pulmonary), Lymph, Lymphatic System and Lymphatic vessels, Lymphatic tissues (Thymus gland, lymph nodes, Spleen, Lymphatic Nodules)
Unit: 7 The Respiratory System Structure of organs of respiration, Muscles of respiration: Intercostals and Diaphragm, Alterations in disease
Unit: 8 The Digestive System Structure of the Alimentary tract and the accessory organs of digestion., Alterations in Disease, Applications and Implications in Nursing
Unit: 9 The Excretory System(Urinary) Structure of organs of the urinary, System: Kidney, urethra, ureters, urinary bladder, the structure of the skin., Alterations in disease
Unit: 10 The Endocrine System Structure of Pituitary, Thyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal, Parathyroid, and thymus glands, Alterations in disease, Applications and Implications in Nursing
Unit: 11 The Reproductive System including the Breast Structure of female reproductive organs, Structure of male reproductive organ, Structure of breast, Alterations in disease

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus: Physiology

In this chapter, students will learn about how the human body works. Also, this chapter explains what happens in the daily life of the human body and when it reacts.

Unit Name Topics
Unit: 1 Cell Physiology Tissue – formation, repair, Membranes &, glands –functions, Alterations in disease, Applications and Implications in Nursing
Unit: 2 Skeletal System Bone formation and growth, Bones – movements & function of bones of the appendicular and axial skeleton, bone healing, Joints, and joint movement, Alterations in disease
Unit: 3 Muscular System Muscle movements, levels, Muscle tone & maintenance of posture, Physiology of muscle contraction, Alterations in disease
Unit: 4 Nervous system Functions of Neuralgia & Neurons, Stimulus & Nerve – (Impulse Definitions & Mechanism), Functions of the brain, spinal cord, spinal and cranial nerves, Cerebrospinal fluid- Function and composition circulation, Reflex arc, reflex action & reflexes, Autonomic functions –(Pain: Somatic, visceral & referred, Autonomic learning and biofeedback)
Unit: 5 Circulatory System Blood formation, blood groups, composition, blood coagulation, Haemoglobin: Synthesis, estimation, Structure and breakdown, Variation of molecules, Functions of Heart, Conduction, and Cardiac cycle, Circulation – Principles, factors influencing BP & Pulse and Control, Alterations in disease, Application and implications in nursing.
Unit: 6 The Respiratory System Functions of the respiratory organs., Physiology of respiration, Pulmonary ventilation & Volume, Mechanics of respiration, Gaseous exchange in lungs, Carriage of oxygen & carbon dioxide, Exchange of gases in tissues, Regulation of respiration, Alterations in disease, Applications & implications in Nursing
Unit: 7 The Digestive System Functions of organs of the digestive tract. Movements of the alimentary tract, Digestion in mouth, small intestines, stomach, Large intestines, Absorption of food, Functions of the Pancreas, gall bladder & Liver, Metabolism of carbohydrates, protein & fat
Unit: 8 The Excretory System Functions of kidneys, urethra, ureters, and urinary bladder, Composition of urine, Mechanism of urine formation, Function of skin, Regulation of body temperature, Fluid and electrolyte balance, Alteration in disease, Application & implication in Nursing
Unit: 9 The Sensory Organs Functions of skin, nose, tongue, eye & ear, Alteration in diseases, Application and Implication in nursing.
Unit: 10 The Endocrine System Functions of the Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal body, thymus, pancreas, Suprarenal, Placenta and ovaries & Testes
Unit: 11 The Reproductive System Reproduction of cells – DNA, Mitosis, Meiosis, Spermatogenesis & oogenesis, Functions of female reproductive, Organs; Functions of breast & Female sexual cycle, Introduction to embryology, Functions of male reproductive organs, male fertility system and male function in reproduction.
Unit: 12 Lymphatic and Immunological System Circulation of lymph, Immunity( Formation of B-cells and T cells, Types of Immune response, Antigens and Cytokines, Antibodies

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus: Nutrition

Nutrition is an important chapter in the BSc Nursing 1st year syllabus. It helps students learn the basics of nutrition and how they maintain health at different stages of life.

Unit Name Topics
Unit: 1 Introduction Nutrition: (History, Concepts), Role of nutrition in maintaining health, The nutritional problem in India, National nutritional policy, Factors affecting foods and Nutrition (Socio-Cultural, Production, economic, tradition, Lifestyle, System of distribution & food habits, etc.), Role of food and its medical value, classification of foods, Food Standards, Elements of Nutrition:– Micro-elements and macro elements, Caloric value
Unit: 2 Carbohydrates Classifications, Caloric value, Function, Recommended daily allowances dietary sources, Digestion, absorption, storage and metabolism of carbohydrates, Multinutriiton: Deficiencies & overconsumption.
Unit: 3 Fats Classification, Function, Caloric value, Dietary sources, Recommended daily allowances, Digestion, absorption, storage & metabolism, Malnutrition: Deficiencies and overconsumption.
Unit: 4 Proteins Classification, Function, Caloric value, Dietary sources, Recommended daily allowances, Digestion, absorption, storage & metabolism, Malnutrition: Deficiencies and overconsumption.
Unit: 5 Energy Unit of Energy- Kcal, Energy requirements of the different categories of people, Measurements of energy, Body Mass Index (BMI) and basic metabolism, Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)- Determination and factor affection.
Unit: 6 Vitamins Classification, Dietary sources, functions, Recommended daily allowance, Synthesis, absorption, storage, metabolism & excretions, Deficiencies, Hypervitaminosis
Unit: 7 Mineral Classification, Dietary sources, functions, Recommended daily allowance, Synthesis, absorption, storage, metabolism & excretions, Deficiencies, Overconsumption and toxicity
Unit: 8 Water & Electrolytes Water: (Daily requirements, Regulation of water metabolism, Distribution of body water), Electrolytes: Types, sources & composition of body fluids, Maintenance of fluids & Electrolytes balance, Overhydration, dehydration & water intoxication, Electrolytes imbalances
Unit: 9 Cookery Rules & Preservation of Nutrients Principles, methods of cooking and serving (Preservation of nutrients), Safe Foods handling – toxicity, Storages of food, Food Preservations, foods additives & its principles, Prevention of foods adulteration Act (PFA), Foods standards, Simple beverages preparation and different types of food.
Unit: 10 Balance Diet Elements, Foods Groups, Recommended Daily Allowance, Nutritive value of foods, For different categories of people, balanced diets are calculated, Budgeting of food, Planning the menu, Introduction to therapeutic diets:– Naturopathy – Diet
Unit: 11 Nurse Role in Nutritional Programme National program Related to Nutrition (Vitamin A deficiency program, National iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) program, Mid-day meal program, Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)), Agencies of International & National working toward foods/nutrition (NIPCCD, NIN, FAO, CARE & CFTERI (Central food technology & research institute) etc.),  Assessment of nutritional status, Nutrition education & role of the nurse.

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus: Biochemistry

It is another topic for 1st year BSc Nursing that involves the study of chemical processes within living organisms. Therefore, it is important to have a good knowledge for nurses of biochemistry to understand the body’s metabolic and physiological functions

Unit Name Topics
Unit: 1 Introduction Definition and significance in nursing, Review of composition, structure & function of the cell, Prokaryote and Eukaryote cell organization, Microscopy
Unit: 2 Structure & Functions of Cell Membrane Fluid mosaic model tight junction & cytoskeleton, Transport, mechanism: (diffusion, filtration, osmosis, active. Channel, sodium pump.),  Acid-base balance maintenance & diagnostic test, PH buffers
Unit: 3 Composition & Metabolism of Carbohydrates Structure, Types, composition, and uses of carbohydrates: (Monosaccharide, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides, Oligosaccharides), Metabolism: (Pathways of glucose: Glycolysis, Gluconeogenesis: Cori’s cycle, Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, Glycogenolysis, Pentose Phosphate pathways (Hexosemono phosphate), Regulation of blood glucose level. Investigations & their Interpretations.

Unit: 4 Composition & Metabolism of Lipids Structure, types, composition and uses of fatty acids: (Nomenclature, Roles & prostaglandins), Metabolism of fatty acid: (Breakdown, Synthesis), Metabolism of triacylglycerols, Cholesterol Metabolism (Biosynthesis & its Regulation:Bile salts and bilirubin, Vitamin – D, Steroid hormones), Lipoproteins & their Functions: (VLDLs – IDLs, LDLs and HDLs, Transport of lipids, Atherosclerosis, Investigations & their interpretations)
Unit: 5 Composition and Metabolism of Amino Acids & Proteins Structure, types, composition & uses of amino acids and proteins, Metabolism of amino acids & proteins: (Protein synthesis, glycosylation & Targeting,  Chromatography, Electrophoresis, Sequencing), Metabolism of Nitrogen : (Fixation and Assimilation, Urea Cycle, Hemes and chlorophylls),  Enzymes and coenzymes: (Classification,  Properties, Kinetics and Inhibition, Control), Investigations and their interpretations
Unit: 6 Composition and Vitamins & Minerals Vitamins and minerals (Structure, Classification, Properties, Absorption, Storage and transportation, Normal Concentration), Investigations and their interpretations
Unit: 7 Immunochemistry Immune response, Structure and classification of immunoglobins, Mechanism of antibody Production, Antigens: HLA typing, Free radical & antioxidants, Specialized Protein: (Collagen, Myosin, Elastin, Lens Protein, Keratin.),  Electrophoretic and Quantitative & determination of immunoglobins, ELISA, etc, Investigations and their interpretations

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus: Microbiology 

In BSc nursing 1st year syllabus, microbiology is an important chapter that introduces the students to the fundamentals of microbiology. It will help them learn about bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoans and their role in the acquisition and spread of infectious diseases.

Unit Name Topics
Unit: 1 Introduction Importance and relevance to nursing, Historical Perspective, Concepts and terminology, Principles of microbiology
Unit: 2 General Characteristics of Microbes Structure and classification of Microbes, Morphological types, Size and form of bacteria, Motility, Colonization Growth and nutrition of microbes: (Temperature, Moisture, Blood and body fluids), Laboratory methods for Identification of Micro-organisms, Staining Techniques, Gram staining, Acid-fast staining & Hanging drop preparation, Culture: Various Media
Unit: 3 Infection Control infection: Sources Portals of entry transmission & exit, Asepsis, Disinfection: Types and methods, Sterilization: Types and Methods, Chemotherapy and antibiotics, Standard safety measures, Role of the nurse, Hospital-acquired infection, Hospital infection control program, Protocols, collection of samples, preparation of report and status of the rate of infection in the unit/ hospital nurses accountability, continuing education, etc.

Unit: 4 Pathogenic Organisms Micro-organisms, Cocci – gram-positive & gram-negative, Bacilli – gram-positive & gram-negative, Spirochaete (Mycoplasma, Rickettsiae), Chlamydiae (Viruses, Fungi – Superficial and Deep mycoses, Parasites), Rodents and vectors Characteristics, Source, Portal of entry, the transmission of infection.
Unit: 5 Immunity Immunity – Types, Classification, Antigen and antibody reaction, Hypersensitivity – skin test, Serological tests, Immunoprophylaxis: (Vaccines & sera, Types & Classification, Storage & handling cold chain), Immunization for various diseases, Immunization Schedule

BSc Nursing 1st Year Books with Author Name

Here is the list of some of the best BSc nursing subjects 1st year books pdf with their author name.

Subject Book Author
Physiology Essentials of Medical Physiology J.P Brothers Publications
Physiology Concise Medical Physiology Chaudhari, New Central Book Agency Pvt Ltd.
Physiology Anatomy & Physiology in Health and Illness Churchill Livingstone Publication
Anatomy Principles of Anatomy and Physiology John Wiley & Sons
Nutrition Basics of Clinical Nutrition Jaypee
Nutrition Krause’s Food Nutrition, Diet and Therapy Elsevier
Biochemistry Textbook of Biochemistry JP Brothers Publication

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus PDF

Do you want to download the BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus PDF? – You can do so from the link given below. From this pdf file, you will get the exact idea about the syllabus of BSc nursing 1st year subjects, theory paper, and practical paper.

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus Nursing Syllabus


I hope the above information on the BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus will help you to understand what you should study in the first year and what are the important subjects. I hope you find it helpful, If yes please share this article with your other nursing friends.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):-

01. What are the Subjects of the First Year of BSc Nursing?

Ans: The BSc Nursing syllabus includes theoretical concepts as well as practical subjects like Physiology, Anatomy, Nutrition and Dietetics, Community Health, etc.

02. Which is the Hardest Subject in BSc Nursing First Year?

Ans: The hardest subject in BSc Nursing 1st year is Pharmacology.

03. What are the Total Marks of BSc Nursing First Year?

Ans: The total marks of BSc Nursing 1st year is 800, including theoretical and practical.

04. What are the Passing Marks in BSc Nursing?

Ans: Candidates should score 50% in each theory and practical paper. Also, you need to score 40% marks to qualify in English. In addition, candidates must attend at least 80% of theory and 90% of practical.

05. How Many Books are there in BSc Nursing 1st Year?

Ans: There are 8 books in the first year of BSc Nursing,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *